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Fields in Medicine Surgery and Psychology, Job Opportunities


Fields in Medicine Surgery and Psychology.  What is Medicine, Alternative and Complementary medicine, Jobs Opportunities, Introduction to Psychology types of Psychology, Jobs Opportunities, Where to work as a Psychologist?

This is to educate the general public on the fields of Medicine, Surgery, and Psychology their Jobs opportunities, and where to work with each Degree.

Introduction to Medicine


Meaning of Medicine:

Alternative and complementary medicine

Clinical research

Jobs Opportunities


Choosing a Career Path in Psychology

Below are jobs opportunities:

Where You Can Work as a Psychologist

Fields In Medicine, Surgery, and Psychology

WHAT IS MEDICINE? Medicine is the field of health and curative. It includes nurses, doctors, and a variety of specialists. It as well covers the analysis, cure, and avoidance of disease, medical investigation, and other numerous aspects of health.

Medicine as well aims to promote and uphold health and wellbeing.

Conventional modern medicine is sometimes called allopathic medicine. It involves the use of drugs or surgery, regularly supported by counseling and lifestyle dealings.

An Alternative and corresponding types of medicine include acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal medicine, art therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, and several others.

Fields of medicine

Modern medicine has many fields and aspects. Here are some of them outlined below;

  • Clinical medicine( practice)

In the clinical aspect, we have a clinician

Who is a Clinician? A clinician works with patients in a health setting.

A clinician is a health worker who works directly with patients in a hospital or other healthcare setting. Nurses, doctors, psychotherapists, and other specialists are all clinicians.

Not all medical specialists are clinicians. Researchers and laboratory personnel are not clinicians since they do not work with patients.

The physician assesses the individual, with the aim of diagnosing, treating, and preventing sickness using the knowledge learned from training, investigations, and experiences, and medical finding.

  • Biomedical medicine( Research)

This area of science seeks ways to avoid and treat diseases that lead to ill health or death.

Many Biomedical scientists use biotechnology techniques to study biological processes and diseases. They aim to develop successful treatments and cures.

Biomedical research requires careful experimentation, development, and evaluation. It involves biologists, chemists, doctors, pharmacologists, and others.

  • Medications

This field is to look at drugs or medicines and how to use them.

Doctors and other health professionals use medications in the medical diagnosis, treatment, cure, and prevention of disease.

  • Surgery

Surgical dealings are essential for diagnosing and treating some types of disease, malformation, and injury. They use instrumental and manual means rather than medication.

Surgeons carry out a surgical procedure to get rid of or replace diseased tissue or organs, or they may use surgery to remove tissue for biopsy. Sometimes, they remove unnecessary tissue and then send it for diagnosis.

  • Medical devices

Health professionals use a wide range of instruments to diagnose and treat a disease or other condition, to prevent a worsening of symptoms, to replace a damaged part such as a hip or a knee, and so on. Note that Medical devices range from test tubes to sophisticated scanning machines.

Alternative and complementary medicine

Ayurveda is an ancient healing art and also a type of alternative medicine.

This may include any performance that aims to heal but is not part of conventional medicine. Techniques range broadly. They include the use of herbs, manipulation of “channels” in the body, relaxation, and so on.

Please kindly take note of this;

‘Alternative and complementary’ do not have the same meaning the difference is made known below:

Alternative medicine: People use a different option from the conventional one, such as using relaxation measures to improve headaches, rather than pain relief medication.


Complementary medicine: People add a different treatment option to the main treatment. For example, they may use relaxation as well as pain relief medication for a headache.

Alternative and complementary therapies are often based on traditional knowledge, rather than scientific proof or clinical trials.

Examples include homeopathy, acupuncture, Ayurveda, naturopathic medicine, and traditional Chinese medicine.

Clinical Research

 Definition of Clinical Research: it is the process by which Researchers carry out investigations to find out which diseases are present, why they take place, what can treat or prevent them, what makes them more likely to happen, and many other aspects of health.

Clinical trials are one aspect of clinical research. They aim to find out if a therapy often a drug is safe and effective to use when treating a particular condition.

The most effective way to reveal the effectiveness of a drug or technique is to carry out a double-blind, random, continuing, large clinical human study.

In this type of study, researchers compare the effect of a therapy or drug with a placebo, no treatment, or another therapy or drug.

Jobs Opportunities in Medicine Surgery and Psychology

 Some jobs opportunities with a medicine Degree for those who can’t stand the sight of seeing bloodstains /who don’t want to be a doctor.

  • Public Health Worker
  • health journalism
  • Medical Teacher
  • Clinical Forensic Medical Examiner
  • Crowd Doctor.
  • Medical Photographer
  • Medical/ Pharmaceutical Researcher
  • Sports and Exercise Medicine
  • Volunteer Work
  • Medical Sales Representative
  • Medical-Legal Advisor
  • Occupational Physician
  • Transplant Coordinator.
  • Radiology/Diagnostic Imaging Director
  • Investment banker


  • Introduction of Psychotherapy
  • Meaning of psychotherapy
  • Types of Psychotherapy

Counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and other forms of “talking cure” can be helpful for people with conditions that influence their mental health, ranging from depression to anxiety and to chronic p These treatments do not involve medication, although a person may use medication alongside them.

Physical therapy: can help improve strength and flexibility in people who have a condition that affects their musculoskeletal system.

Occupational therapy: can teach people new and better ways to do things physically. A person who has had a stroke, for example, may benefit from learning again how to walk, using techniques that perhaps they did not use before.

Other fields of medicine include pharmacology and pharmacy, nursing, speech therapy, medical practice management, and many more.

Choosing a Career Path in Psychology

Below are jobs opportunities:

  • Clinical psychology
  • Developmental psychology
  • Counseling psychology
  • Environmental psychology
  • Forensic psychology
  • Health psychology
  • Rehabilitation psychology
  • School psychology and
  • Social psychology.

Where You Can Work as a Psychologist

Places, where psychologists can work, are various and some of them are enumerated below:

  • Schools including universities and colleges, high schools, and primary school
  • Medical schools
  • Hospitals and healthcare institutions
  • Business or non-profits
  • Government establishments, especially medical centers
  • Independent practice

See also>>>>>>Burman University Admission Requirements

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