Home Career Medicine & Surgery Course Requirement Career Prospect

Medicine & Surgery Course Requirement Career Prospect

Medicine & Surgery Course Requirement Career Prospect

Medicine & Surgery Course Requirement Career Prospect,Types of Doctors,responsibilities,Doctors Response,Classifications of Doctors,Categories of some Specialty Doctor.

Medical fields are what most students wish to study in schools in these contents we will help you to identify and categorize the different role of a doctor and where they belong to, starting from who they are, and where they ought to carry out their potentials.

Medicine & surgery Course Requirement Career Prospect


Types of doctors and works the carried out

Responsibilities of a Doctor:

Doctor’s response in the following ways:

How to Get Your First Job as a Doctor


Primary care doctors

  Family medicine vs. internal medicine physicians


Categories of some Specialty doctors



Types of doctors and works the carried out

Who is a DOCTOR? A person who is skilled in the science of medicine and also trained and licensed to treat sick and injured people.

This piece of writing looks at the different types of doctor, their roles, the environment they treat, and the actions they can carry out. There are many types of doctors, but there are two main categories: primary care or field care. Within these two groups, doctors vary widely in their field area and level of training

Responsibilities of a Doctor:

Doctor’s response in the following ways:

  • They respond to patients’ medical problems by referring to their times past, carrying out analysis, treatment, counseling, and advice, where required.
  • Arrange lab tests and interprets the test results.
  • Maintain confidentiality and impartiality at all times.
  • Bring together, record, and maintain sensitive patient information such as check results, medical history, and reports.
  • Carry out minor surgeries.
  • Explain actions or approved treatments to patients.
  • Interact with medical professionals in the community and hospitals.
  • Uphold health education in conjunction with other health professionals.
  • Meet targets set by the government for specified treatments eg child immunization.
  • Chat about, and assess new pharmaceutical products with pharmaceutical representatives.
  • Keep up-to-date with medical developments, treatment, and medication.
  • Teach at hospitals and medical schools, and examine and assess the work of trainee doctors and medical students.

How to Get Your First Job as a Doctor

Preparing to become a doctor takes a lot of endeavor, not to mention money: four years of college, four years of medical school, and and three to eight years of post-graduate medical education. After all that, there’s an exam to pass.

Below are some of the qualities employers want in job candidates. Employers listed them in job announcements in various sources:

  • “Adheres to the maximum standards of medical perform, ethics, and professionalism at all times.”
  • “Correct and timely records of medical records.”
  • “Shows value and sensitivity for cultural differences.”
  • “Capability to encourage and work efficiently with others.”
  • “Difficulty solves with creativeness and creativity.”
  • “Must be a group (team) player and have a zeal for what you do.”


The below are the classifications of Doctors where they work and how they work:

Primary care doctors

A primary care physician is someone who does the following:

  • treats negligible illnesses
  • answers health questions
  • conducts health checkups for patients
  • performs schedule health tests, including those for cholesterol or blood sugar levels
  • provides referrals to area of expertise physicians when required
  • keeps a person’s medical report together

A primary care doctor may be one of the following types:

  • Family practice physician

Family practice physicians are also known as family medicine doctors. They care for people of all ages.

  • Internal medicine physician

An internal medicine physician performs many of the same tasks as a family practice physician. However, internal medicine physicians treat adults only.

  • Family medicine vs. internal medicine physicians

Although family medicine and internal medicine physicians can both treat adults.                      For example, internal medicine doctors have acquired training in both specific medicine and subspecialties. They also have a tendency to be more paying attention on medical issues that affect adults.

Some Family physicians have broader training in medicine that educates them on how to care for both children and adults. They can as well treat a wide range of medical issues and highlight disease prevention and health safeguarding.

  • Pediatricians

Pediatricians focus on treating children from birth to young adulthood. They may be a child’s primary care physician and have training in:

  • well-baby and well-child visits
  • school or sports physicals
  • childhood vaccines
  • disease prevention for children and babies
  • treating illnesses and injuries in children and babies
  • Geriatric medicine doctors

Geriatric medicine doctors, also called geriatricians, focus on care for older adults.

According to the American Medical Association, geriatricians are internal medicine or family medicine doctors who have additional training:

  • In the aging course
  • also preventive care for older adults and also
  •  the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions that influence older adults

Categories of some Specialty doctors 

Specialty doctors have acquired training in some specific area of medicine. This allows them to treat complex health problems that primary care doctors may not be able to take care of.

Specialty doctors include the following types:


An allergist or immunologist doctor focuses on preventing and treating allergic diseases and conditions. These usually include various types of allergies and asthma.

Allergists doctor also need training in internal medicine or pediatrics.


Dermatologists focus on diseases and conditions of the skin, nails, and hair. They treat conditions such as eczema, skin malignancy, acne, and psoriasis.

Dermatologists can carry out in-office procedures, as well as mole or spot removal. Some also offer aesthetic procedures, such as chemical peels, Botox injections, and dermal fillers.

Infectious disease doctors

Infectious disease doctors specialize in diseases and conditions that are communicable. This includes the following:

  • cellulitis
  • influenza
  • bacterial infections, including Clostridium difficile, a bacterium that causes diarrhea and stomach issues
  • infections after surgery or hospital care
  • tuberculosis
  • pneumonia
  • parasite infections
  • HIV

An Infectious disease doctors also need training in internal medicine / pediatrics.


Ophthalmologists doctor specialize in eye and vision care. They treat diseases and conditions of the eyes and can carry out eye operation if necessary.

Ophthalmologists treat people with complex eye conditions and may also see people for regular eye care, including prescribing glasses and performing checkups.


Obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) offer preventive care and disease managing for female health conditions. They include the following:

  • female reproductive health
  • cancer prevention and diagnosis in the female reproductive organs
  • breast care
  • pregnancy
  • labor and delivery
  • infertility
  • menopause

a lot of women needs see an OB/GYN regularly all through pregnancy and for labor and delivery. They may also visit them for annual checkups and tests, such as breast exams and Pap tests.


A Cardiologists doctor focuses on the cardiovascular system, which includes the heart and blood vessels. They treat many cardiovascular conditions, such as:

  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol
  • heart attack and stroke
  • heart rhythm problems
  • congestive heart failure

Cardiologists also complete many tests and procedures. On the other hand, they do not perform heart surgery.


An Endocrinologist treats disorders and circumstances that concern the endocrine system. This system involves a variety of glands that make and release hormones in the body.

Endocrinologists treat hormone-related conditions such as:

  • diabetes
  • thyroid conditions
  • hormone imbalances
  • infertility
  • growth problems in children
  • adrenal gland conditions


Gastroenterologists doctors focus on the digestive system. This includes the esophagus, pancreas, stomach, liver, small intestine, colon, and gallbladder.

Gastroenterologists also perform procedures such as endoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy.

Gastroenterologists as well need training in internal medicine or pediatrics.


A nephrologist doctor focuses on kidney care and conditions that affect the kidneys. Conditions they can treat include:

  • kidney disease
  • renal (kidney) failure
  • diabetes
  • kidney stones
  • lupus
  • hypertension

Nephrologists also have education in kidney transplants and dialysis.


Urologists treat conditions of the urinary tract in both males and females. They also focus on male reproductive health.

Some urologists focus on a specific area within urology, such as female urology or male infertility.


Pulmonologists doctors focus on the organs involved with breathing. These include the lungs and heart.

A Pulmonologists may work in hospitals to offer ventilation or life support. They also see people in the office to treat breathing disorders, lung conditions, and allergies.


An Otolaryngologists doctors also known as “ear, nose, and throat” (ENT) doctors.

An ENT doctor treat problems with the sinuses, throat, tonsils, ears, mouth, head, and neck. Some ENT doctors go through additional training to focus on one exact area, such as pediatrics or rhinology, which refers to the nose and sinuses.


A neurologist doctor treats conditions of the nerves, spine, and brain. People may see a neurologist for listed condition:

  • epilepsy
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • multiple sclerosis
  • neuropathy
  • stroke
  • migraine


A psychiatrist is a doctor who treats mental health conditions. They may use counseling, medication, or hospitalization as part of their treatment.


Oncologists doctors treat cancer and its symptoms. During treatment for cancer, a person may have several types of healthcare professional in their care team.

cancer care professionals have specific training in the following areas:

  • certain types of cancer
  • specific cancer treatments
  • certain areas of the body
  • cancer-related health problems
  • care coordination


A radiologist specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions using medical imaging tests. They may read and read scans such as X-rays, MRIs, mammograms, ultrasound, and CT scans.

They may be one of three types:

  • Diagnostic radiologists: These doctors use imaging procedures to look for health problems. They can also interpret images on tests and provide information to a person’s doctor about the results.
  • Interventional radiologists: These doctors use imaging, including X-rays and MRI scans, paired with medical procedures. They may help treat conditions such as heart disease, stroke, and cancer.
  • Radiation oncologists: These doctors prescribe cancer treatment using radiation therapy.


A rheumatologist doctor diagnoses and treats rheumatic diseases. These are autoimmune conditions that can have an effect on the bones, joints, and muscles.

Various common rheumatic diseases include:

  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • osteoarthritis
  • gout
  • lupus
  • scleroderma
  • psoriatic arthritis

General surgeons

All General surgeons carry out surgical procedures on many organs and bodily systems. They may have training in diseases of the following listed parts:

  • abdomen
  • breast
  • endocrine system
  • gastrointestinal system
  • skin

A general surgeon also cares for a person both before and after their surgery.

Orthopedic surgeons

An orthopedic surgeon specializes in diseases and conditions of the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and joints. They may treat:

  • arthritis
  • sports injuries
  • bone tumors
  • back pain
  • broken bones
  • osteoporosis
  • repetitive strain injuries, such as carpal tunnel syndrome or tennis elbow

Cardiac surgeons

Cardiac surgeons carry out heart surgery and may work with a cardiologist to decide what a individual desires.

they as well perform procedures including heart bypass surgery and inserting stents in the heart.


Anesthesiologists doctor focus on a person’s welfare before, during, and after surgery. This may include administering pain medicine, relaxation medication, or medicine to put a person to sleep.

An Anesthesiologists observe people during surgical treatment to ensure that their body’s vital signs are firm. They also work with person after surgery to make sure that the pain is under control.


In viewing Medicine & surgery course Requirement Career Prospect ,Each type of doctor undergoes their own unique training and education to permit them to analyze and treat particular diseases and conditions.

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