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A-Z Medical Terms for New Medical Beginners


A-Z Medical Terms for New Medical Beginners, and for Medical Professionals, Abbreviation

A_Z Medical Terms and Meaning for new medical beginners and Medical Professionals who wish to learn more.


Common Medical Abbreviations List for all medical professionals| A-Z Medical Terms for New Medical Beginners

A-Z Medical Terms for New Medical Beginners

A – Medical abbreviations

  • c. Before meals
  • A/g ratio: Albumin to globulin ratio
  • ACL: Anterior cruciate ligament
  • AFR: Acute renal failure
  • ADHD: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • ADR: Above drug reaction
  • AKA: above the knee amputation
  • ADH: Antidiuretic hormone
  • ARDS: Acute renal failure
  • ASCVD: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

B – Medical abbreviations

  • i.d: twice daily
  • BKA: Below the knee amputation
  • BMP: Basic metabolic panel
  • BP: Blood pressure.
  • BPD: Borderline personality disorder.
  • BSO: Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.

C – Medical abbreviations

  • C&s: culture and sensitivity, perform to detect infection
  • C/O: complaint of
  • Ca; capsule
  • Ca: cancer
  • CBC: complete blood count
  • CABG: coronary artery bypass graft
  • CDE: complete dental evaluation
  • CC: chief complaint
  • CC: cubic centimeters
  • CPAP: continuous positive airway pressure
  • COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • CT: A type of treatment therapy for cancer.
  • CVA: Cerebrovascular accident.

D – Medical abbreviations

  • D/C or DC: Discontinue or discharge
  • DCIS: Ductal Carcinoma in Situ. A type of breast cancer.
  • DDX: Differential diagnosis.
  • DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis.
  • DM: Diabetes mellitus.
  • DNC, D&C, or D and C: Dilation and curettage. Widening the cervix and scrapping with a curette for the purpose of removing tissue lining the inner surface of the womb (uterus).
  • DNR: Do not resuscitate. This is a specific order not to revive a patient artificially if they succumb to illness. If a patient is given a DNR order, they are not resuscitated if they are near death and no code blue is called.
  • DOE: Dyspnea on exertion. Shortness of breath with activity.
  • DTR: Deep tendon reflexes. These are reflexes that the doctor tests by banging on the tendons with a rubber hammer.
  • DVT: Deep venous thrombosis (blood clot in a large vein).

E – Medical abbreviations

  • ETOH: ETOH intake history is often recorded as part of patient history.
  • ECT: Electroconvulsive therapy. A procedure used to control seizures (convulsions).

F – Medical abbreviations

  • FX: Fracture.

G – Medical abbreviations

  • g: gram, a unit of weight
  • GOMER: Slang for “get out of my emergency room.”
  • GvHD: Graft vs. host disease. It is complicated by the syndromes of acute and chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD).
  • gtt: Drops.

H – Medical abbreviations

  • H&H: Hemoglobin and hematocrit. When the H & H is low, anemia is present.
  • H&P: History and physical examination.
  • s.: At bedtime. As in taking medicine at bedtime.
  • H/O or h/o: History of. A past event that occurred.
  • HA: Headache.
  • HRT: Hormone replacement or hormone replacement therapy.
  • HTN: Hypertension.

I – Medical abbreviations

  • I&D: Incision and drainage.
  • IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
  • ICD: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • ICU: Intensive care unit. The patient was moved to the intensive care unit.
  • IM:
  • IMP: This is the summary conclusion of the patient’s condition by the healthcare professional at that particular date and time.
  • ITU: Intensive therapy unit
  • in vitro: In the laboratory
  • in vivo: In the body
  • IPF: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. A type of lung disease.
  • IU: International units.

J – Medical abbreviations

  • JT: Joint.

K – Medical abbreviations

  • K: Potassium. An essential electrolyte frequently monitored regularly in intensive care.
  • KCL: Potassium chloride.

L – Medical abbreviations

  • LCIS: Lobular Carcinoma in Situ. A type of cancer of the breast. The patient is receiving treatment for Lobular Carcinoma in Situ.
  • LBP: Low back pain. LBP is one of the most common medical complaints.
  • LLQ: Left lower quadrant. Diverticulitis pain is often in the LLQ of the abdomen.
  • LUQ: Left upper quadrant. The spleen is located in the LUQ of the abdomen.
  • Lytes: Electrolytes (potassium, sodium, carbon dioxide, and chloride).

M – Medical abbreviations

  • MCL: Medial collateral ligament.
  • mg: Milligrams.
  • M/H: Medical history
  • ml: Milliliters.
  • MVP: Mitral valve prolapse.

N – Medical abbreviations

  • N/V: Nausea or vomiting.
  • Na: Sodium. An essential electrolyte frequently monitored regularly in intensive care.
  • NCP: Nursing care plan
  • NPO: Nothing by mouth. For example, if a patient was about to undergo a surgical operation requiring general anesthesia, they may be required to avoid food or beverage prior to the procedure.
  • NSR: Normal sinus rhythm of the heart

O – Medical abbreviations

  • O&P: Ova and parasites. Stool O & P is tested in the laboratory to detect parasitic infection in persons with chronic diarrhea.
  • D.: Right eye.
  • S.: Left eye.
  • U.: Both eyes.
  • ORIF: Open reduction and internal fixation, such as with the orthopedic repair of a hip fracture.

P – Medical abbreviations

  • P: Pulse. Pulse is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the “vital signs.”
  • p¯: After meals. As intake two tablets after meals.
  • o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os.
  • r.n.: As needed. So that it is not always done, but done only when the situation calls for it (for example, taking pain medication only when having pain and not without pain).
  • PCL: Posterior cruciate ligament.
  • PD: Progressive disease. Patients at risk of developing progressive disease of the kidneys include those with proteinuria or hematuria.
    PERRLA: Pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation.
    PFT: Pulmonary function test. A test to evaluate how well the lungs are functioning.
  • PERRLA: Pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation.
  • Plt: Platelets, one of the blood-forming elements along with the white and red blood cells.
  • PMI: Point of the maximum impulse of the heart when felt during the examination, as in beats against the chest.
  • PMS: Premenstrual syndrome
  • PT: Physical therapy
  • PTH: Parathyroid hormone
  • PTSD: Post-traumatic stress syndrome
  • PUD: Peptic ulcer disease. A type of ulcer of the stomach.

Q – Medical abbreviations

  • d.: Each day. As in taking medicine daily.
  • i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily.
  • q2h: Every 2 hours. As in taking a medicine every 2 hours.
  • q3h: Every 3 hours. As in taking a medicine every 3 hours.
  • QAM: Each morning. As in taking medicine each morning.
  • qhs: At each bedtime. As in taking medicine each bedtime.
  • qod: Every other day. As in taking medicine every other day.
  • QPM: Each evening. As in taking medicine each evening.

R – Medical abbreviations

  • RA: Rheumatoid arthritis. A type of joint disease.
  • RDS: Respiratory distress syndrome
  • R/O: Rule out. Doctors frequently will rule out various possible diagnoses when figuring out the correct diagnosis.
  • REB: Rebound, as in rebound tenderness of the abdomen when pushed in and then released.
  • RLQ: Right lower quadrant. The appendix is located in the RLQ of the abdomen.
  • ROS: Review of systems. An overall review concerns relating to the organ systems, such as the respiratory, cardiovascular, and neurologic systems.
  • RUQ: Right upper quadrant. The liver is located in the RUQ of the abdomen.

S – Medical abbreviations

  • S/p: Status post. For example, a person who had a knee operation would be s/p a knee operation.
  • SAD: Season affective disorder. A type of depression that occurs during the winter months when there is little light.
  • SOB: Shortness of breath.
  • SQ: Subcutaneous. This is a typical notation when noting or ordering an injection (shot) given into the fatty tissue under the skin, such as with insulin for diabetes mellitus.

T – Medical abbreviations

  • T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the “vital signs.”
  • T&A: Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
  • i.d.: Three times daily. As in taking medicine three times daily.
  • tab: Tablet
  • TAH: Total abdominal hysterectomy
  • TAH: Total abdominal hysterectomy. A type of surgery to remove a woman’s uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
  • THR: Total hip replacement
  • TKR: Total knee replacement
  • TMJ: Tempomandibular joint

U – Medical abbreviations

  • UA or u/a: Urinalysis. A UA is a typical part of a comprehensive physical examination.
  • U or u**: Mistaken as the number 0 or 4, causing a 10-fold overdose or greater
  • ULN: Upper limits of normal
  • URI: Upper respiratory infection, such as sinusitis or the common cold
  • Ut dict: As directed. As in taking medicine according to the instructions that the health care professional gave in the office or in the past
  • UTI: Urinary tract infection

V – Medical abbreviations

  • VSS: Vital signs are stable. This notation means that from the standpoint of the temperature, blood pressure, and pulse, the patient is doing well.

W – Medical abbreviations

  • Wt: Weight. Bodyweight is often recorded as part of the physical examination.

X – Medical abbreviations

  • XRT: Radiotherapy (external). A type of treatment that uses radiation.

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